In English, pupils learn to change the way they speak and write to suit different situations, purposes and audiences. They read a range of texts and respond to different layers of meaning in them. They explore the use of language in literary and non-literary texts and learn how language works.

Speaking and listening
Pupils learn how to speak in a range of contexts, adapting what they say and how they say it to the purpose and the audience. Taking varied roles in groups gives them opportunities to contribute to situations with different demands. They, also learn to respond appropriately to others, thinking about what has been said and the language used.

Pupils read widely and use their knowledge of words, sentences and texts to understand and respond to the meaning. They increase their ability to read challenging and lengthy texts independently. They reflect on the meaning of texts, analysing and discussing them with others.

Pupils develop an understanding that writing is both essential to thinking and learning as well as enjoyable in its own right. They learn the main rules and conventions of written English and start to explore how the English language can be used to express meaning in different ways. They use the planning, drafting and editing process to improve their work and to sustain their fiction and non-fiction writing.

Urdu Speaking and listening
Pupils learn to speak clearly, choosing words with precision and taking into account the needs of the listeners. Group interactions promote their ability to ask questions, extend others' ideas and give reasons for their opinions.

Pupils read aloud with correct pronunciation, expression and appropriate intonation. They explore new words and use them in their language. They read a range of materials and use their knowledge of words, sentences and text to understand and respond to meaning.

Pupils learn the main rules and conventions of written Urdu. They learn to plan, draft and edit their writing, both fiction and non-fiction.

Pupils use the number system more confidently. They move from counting reliably to calculating fluently with all four number operations. They always try to tackle a problem with mental methods before using any other approach. Pupils explore features of shape and space and develop their measuring skills in a range of contexts. They discuss and present their methods and reasoning using a wider range of mathematical language, diagrams and charts.

Pupils learn about a wide range of living things, materials and phenomena. They begin to make links between ideas and to explain things using simple models and theories. They apply their knowledge and understanding of scientific ideas to familiar phenomena, everyday things and their personal health. They begin to think about the positive and negative effects of scientific and technological developments on the environment and in other contexts. They carry out systematic investigations, working on their own and with others. They use a range of reference sources in their work. They talk about their work and its significance, and communicate ideas using a wide range of scientific language, conventional diagrams, charts and graphs.